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Names of the Book

JEROBOAM'S SACRIFICE AT BETHEL- Gerbrand van den Eeckhout

English:  1 Kings
Hebrew:  מלכים א
Transliterated:  Melakhim Alef
Other names:  Book of the Kings of Israel (2 Chronicles 20:34)
[1 and 2 Kings were originally one book]



Wrote the book:  unknown (possibly Jeremiah?)
Are the key people:  David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Jeroboam, Elijah, Ahab, Jezebel
Is it written to:  The people of Israel



The united kingdom and the rule of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1-11:43)
The divided kingdom and the rule of Solomon's sons (1 Kings 12:1-22:53)



Was it written:  c 550 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 960-560 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)



Was it written:  unknown
Did the events occur:  The land of Israel: Shechem, Israel, Judah, Jerusalem, Dan, Bethel, Tirzah, Samaria, Mt. Carmel, Jezreel, Ramoth Gilead



1 Kings was written to inform us that: 
Solomon's wisdom came from G-d.
Solomon's temple honored G-d.
The proper worship of G-d is important.
Apostasy to false gods brings division and ruin.
G-d requires repentance from sin.



First Kings is a historical narrative that begins with the death of King David and the reign of his son, Solomon. G-d grants Solomon great wisdom and wealth and he constructs a temple for G-d in Jerusalem. Solomon's unfaithfulness to G-d later in life, however, sets the stage for general apostasy among the people of Israel. After Solomon's death, his son Rehoboam reigns and enacts harsh policies leading to the revolt of the northern tribes that divides the nation. The northern tribes become known as Israel while the southern tribes are called Judah. G-d shows His faithfulness to His people by sending prophets, most notably Elijah, to warn them not to serve other gods. First Kings concludes by mentioning the subsequent kings of Judah and Israel and noting behavior towards to G-d.



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Yom Sheni, 21 Kislev, 5784

Monday, December 04, 2023


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