Article Index

Names of the Book


English:  2 Kings
Hebrew:  מלכים בּ
Transliterated:  Melakhim Bet
Other names:  Book of the Kings of Israel (2 Chronicles 20:34)
[1 and 2 Kings were originally one book]



Wrote the book:  unknown (possibly Jeremiah?)
Are the key people:  Elijah, Elishah, Shunammite woman, Naaman, Jezebel, Jehu, Joash, Hezekiah, Sennacherib, Isaiah, Manasseh, Josiah, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah, Nebuchadnezzar
Is it written to:  The people of Israel



The divided kingdom and the exile of Israel (2 Kings 1:1-17:41)
The surviving kingdom and the rule of Judah's kings (2 Kings 18:1-25:30)



Was it written:  c 550 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 960-560 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)



Was it written:  unknown
Did the events occur:  The land of Israel: Jericho, desert of Edom, Shunem, Gilgal, Dothan, Samaria, Ramoth Gilead, and Jerusalem; Damascus



2 Kings was written to inform us that: 
G-d is merciful.
Idolatry only fosters further sin.
G-d is patient and corrects those He loves.
G-d's patience is not unending and judgment eventually comes.



Second Kings is a historical narrative that, together with First Kings, was originally a single book called "The Book of the Kings of Israel".  Second Kings begins where First Kings ended, with the continuing saga of Israel's disobedience against G-d.  Despite repeated warnings from the prophet Elijah and his successor, Elisha, Israel continues in her unfaithfulness which ultimately results in Israel's defeat and dispersion by Assyria.  The southern kingdom of Judah had several kings who were faithful to G-d and attempted to turn their people back to Him. But after decades of warnings through Isaiah, Jeremiah, and other prophets who called Judah to repent and return to the Lord, Judah's sins resulted in their defeat by the nation of Babylon.  Even though the people were exiled to Babylon for seventy years, G-d remained faithful to His covenant and His people.



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Today is

Yom Sh'lishi, 15 Kislev, 5784

Tuesday, November 28, 2023


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