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Names of the Book

JONAH EMERGING FROM THE WHALE- Pieter Brueghel

English:  Jonah
Hebrew:  יוֹנה
Transliterated:  Yonah
Other names:   

 

whoWho

Wrote the book:  Jonah
Are the key people:  Jonah, the ship's captain and crew, the Ninevites
Is it written to:  The people of the southern kingdom of Israel

 

whatWhat

Jonah flees from G-d and forsakes his mission (Jonah 1:1-2:10)
Jonah turns to G-d and completes his mission (Jonah 3:1-4:11)

 

whenWhen

Was it written:  c 770-730 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 809-772 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)

 

whereWhere

Was it written:  unknown
Did the events occur:  Israel, Joppa, Nineveh

 

whyWhy

Jonah was written to inform us that: 
G-d is sovereign over all mankind.
G-d desires repentance.
G-d extends His mercy to all nations if they repent.
G-d is compassionate.

 

whyIntroduction

Jonah is a unique book of prophecy in Scripture because it focuses on the prophet himself rather than on his message. G-d sends Jonah to Nineveh, the capital city of Israel's archenemy, Assyria, with a call to repentance. Jonah reacts by rebelling, not wishing for the enemy of his people to hear such a message. While fleeing from G-d, Jonah is swallowed by a fish and then repents from his own disobedience. The fish vomits Jonah back onto land and he fulfills his assignment. After Nineveh repents and G-d forgives them, Jonah resents G-d's mercy towards them. The book closes with G-d's lesson to Jonah regarding compassion.

 

 

Torah Portion

ואתחנן (Va'etchanan)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Sheni, 11 Av, 5778

Monday, July 23, 2018

 

Learn more about this date in history.