Article Index

Names of the Book


English:  Jonah
Hebrew:  יוֹנה
Transliterated:  Yonah
Other names:   



Wrote the book:  Jonah
Are the key people:  Jonah, the ship's captain and crew, the Ninevites
Is it written to:  The people of the southern kingdom of Israel



Jonah flees from G-d and forsakes his mission (Jonah 1:1-2:10)
Jonah turns to G-d and completes his mission (Jonah 3:1-4:11)



Was it written:  c 770-730 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 809-772 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)



Was it written:  unknown
Did the events occur:  Israel, Joppa, Nineveh



Jonah was written to inform us that: 
G-d is sovereign over all mankind.
G-d desires repentance.
G-d extends His mercy to all nations if they repent.
G-d is compassionate.



Jonah is a unique book of prophecy in Scripture because it focuses on the prophet himself rather than on his message. G-d sends Jonah to Nineveh, the capital city of Israel's archenemy, Assyria, with a call to repentance. Jonah reacts by rebelling, not wishing for the enemy of his people to hear such a message. While fleeing from G-d, Jonah is swallowed by a fish and then repents from his own disobedience. The fish vomits Jonah back onto land and he fulfills his assignment. After Nineveh repents and G-d forgives them, Jonah resents G-d's mercy towards them. The book closes with G-d's lesson to Jonah regarding compassion.



Torah Portion

עקב (Ekev)



or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Shabbat, 18 Av, 5780

Saturday, August 08, 2020


Learn more about this date in history.