Article Index

Names of the Book

JOB AND HIS FRIENDS- Vladimir Borovikovsky

English:  Job
Hebrew:  איוֹב
Transliterated:  Yov
Other names:  

 

whoWho

Wrote the book:  unknown, possibly Job, Moses, or Solomon.
Are the key people:  Job, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, Elihu the Buzite
Is it written to:  The people of Israel

 

whatWhat

Job tested (Job 1:1-2:13)
Job's three friends answer him (Job 3:1-31:40)
A young man answers Job (Job 32;1-37:24)
G-d answers Job (Job 38:1-41:34)
Job is restored (Job 42:1-17)

 

whenWhen

Was it written:  unknown < 200 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 2000-1800 BCE
Was it canonized: c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)

 

whereWhere

Was it written:  unknown
Did the events occur:  The land of Uz

 

whyWhy

Job was written to inform us that: 
G-d allows suffering.
Satan must obtain permission to harm anyone.
G-d is good.
Pride blinds us to our errors.
G-d desires for us to trust Him.

 

whyIntroduction

The book of Job is a historical narrative that describes the events that unfolded when G-d allowed a good man (Job) to suffer. Job's test of faith, permitted by G-d in response to a challenge from Satan, reveals G-d's loving sovereignty and the supremacy of His divine wisdom over human wisdom (which is personified by Job's friends). Job believes that G-d is good in spite the apparent evidence to the contrary and, by faith, he trusts in G-d. Even in the midst of great emotional and physical agony Job proclaims, "I know that my Redeemer lives". The book concludes with G-d silencing all discussion and argument with the truth that He alone is wise. At the same time, G-d vindicates Job's faith in Him, proving that genuine faith cannot be destroyed.

 

 

Torah Portion

וישׁלח (Vayishlach)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Rishon, 10 Kislev, 5779

Sunday, November 18, 2018

 

Learn more about this date in history.