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Names of the Book

KING DAVID- Giovanni Francesco Barbieri

English:  2 Samuel
Hebrew:  שׁמוּאל בּ
Transliterated:  Shemuel Bet
Other names:   

 

whoWho

Wrote the book:  Unknown (some have suggested Nathan's son Zabud- 1 Kings 4:5).  The book may also include some writings of Nathan and Gad (see 1 Chronicles 29:29).
Are the key people:  David, Abigail, Bathsheba, Abner, Nathan
Is it written to:  The people of Israel

 

whatWhat

David's successes as conquering king (2 Samuel 1:1-10:19)
David's struggles as a husband and father (2 Samuel 11:1-24:25)

 

whenWhen

Was it written:  930 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 1050-970 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)

 

whereWhere

Was it written:  unknown location in Israel
Did the events occur:  The land of Israel: Hebron, Jerusalem, Gath, Moab, Edom, Rabbah, Mahanaim, Forest of Ephraim, Abel Beth Maacah

 

whyWhy

2 Samuel was written to inform us that: 
G-d grows His kingdom.
G-d desires justice.
G-d punishes sin.
There is sin even the greatest among men, King David.

 

whyIntroduction

Second Samuel is a historical narrative that begins at the conclusion of First Samuel. Originally, the two were a single tome called "The book of Samuel". Second Samuel records David's reign as king over Israel. During David's reign, Israel's borders grew to extend roughly from Egypt to the Euphrates: almost the full area that G-d had promised to Abraham. Although David has many successes, he sins against G-d by having Uriah killed in battle so he can marry Uriah's wife, Bathsheba. Subsequently both David's kingdom and his own family fall into chaos with his son Absalom leading a violent rebellion against him. Even in the midst of David's sin and failures, he was a man after God's own heart who modeled deep, heartfelt prayer and repentance. Consequently, G-d makes a covenant with David that establishes the eternal rule of David's descendants over Israel.

 

 

Torah Portion

וישׁלח (Vayishlach)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Rishon, 10 Kislev, 5779

Sunday, November 18, 2018

 

Learn more about this date in history.