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Names of the Book

ST JOHN THE EVANGELIST- Bernardo Cavallino

English:  3 John
Greek:  3 Ιωάννης
Transliterated:  3 Iōannēs
Other names:  The third epistle of John

 

whoWho

Wrote the book:  the apostle John
Are the key people:  John, Gaius, Diotrephes, Demetrius
Is it written to:  Gaius and his community

 

whatWhat

G-d's people should live according to the standard of His Word. (3 John 1-12)
John's closing words (3 John 13-15)

 

whenWhen

Was it written:  c 90 CE
Did the events occur:  c 90 CE
Was it canonized:  c 200-320 CE
(see the Timeline of the First Century)

 

whereWhere

Was it written:  Ephesus
Did the events occur:  unknown

 

whyWhy

3 John was written to inform us that: 
Believers should be hospitable.
Pride disqualifies believers from true leadership.
Faithfulness and selflessness are the hallmarks of true leaders.

 

whyIntroduction

The apostle John wrote this, his third letter, to a believer named Gaius. In it, John writes that he was glad to hear that Gaius was walking in the truth of G-d's Word and that Gaius had received some believers (who were travelling in the area) with hospitality and then sent them on their way "in a manner worthy of G-d". John warns Gaius about a member of a local congregation, Diotrephes, who does not accept what John says, does not show hospitality to believers who do accept what John says, and even puts them out of fellowship. He encourages Gaius to imitate what is good and not what is evil and closes his short letter expressing hope to see him soon.

 

 

Torah Portion

תצוּה (Tetzaveh)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Rishon, 3 Adar, 5778

Sunday, February 18, 2018

 

Learn more about this date in history.