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Names of the Book

KING SOLOMON (from Gustave Dore's original woodcut)- Bill Osborne

English:  2 Chronicles
Hebrew:  דברי הימים בּ
Transliterated:  Divrei Hayamim Bet
Other names:  The Book of Days
[1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book]



Wrote the book:  Ezra
Are the key people:  David, Solomon
Is it written to:  The people of Israel



The reign of Solomon and the construction of the Temple (2 Chronicles 1:1-9:31)
The kingdom of Judah and its eventual exile to Babylon (2 Chronicles 10:1-36:23)



Was it written:  c 430 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 1000-960 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)



Was it written:  Israel
Did the events occur:  The land of Israel: Gibeon, Jerusalem, Shechem, hill country of Ephraim, Samaria, and Ramoth Gilead; Aram (Syria)



2 Chronicles was written to inform us that: 
The Temple was the abode of G-d's presence.
Faithfulness to G-d results in peace.
Prayer to G-d can result in deliverance.
Unfaithfulness to G-d results in national collapse.



The historical narrative of Second Chronicles begins where First Chronicles ends: Solomon ascends to the throne of his father, David and establishes himself securely over the kingdom of Israel.  After the initial glory of Solomon's reign, his sons' actions divide the kingdom and lead both Israel and Judah into sin.  Second Chronicles records Judah's descent into sin that culminates in their exile in Babylon.  Although the northern kingdom, Israel, is led by a series of idolatrous kings, Judah had several godly kings, most notably Hezekiah and Josiah.  In spite of their efforts to turn Judah back to G-d, the nation continues their spiritual decline.  The book concludes by jumping ahead several years after the Babylonian captivity to record the decree of Cyrus that enabled the Jewish exiles to return to the Promised Land.



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Today is

Yom Chamishi, 24 Kislev, 5784

Thursday, December 07, 2023


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