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שׁפטים - "Judges"

Weekly parashah #48: Shoftim



Deuteronomy 16:18

"You shall appoint for yourself judges, and officers in all your towns which the LORD your G-d is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

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The Hebrew Word

Shoftim (Strong's #8199) is the plural form of the Hebrew word shafat. It isa primitive root which means "to judge". It is used 219 times in 182 verses in the Tanakh.

First use in Scripture

The first time shoftim is used in Scripture is in Genesis 16:5.

Genesis 16:5

And Sarai said to Abram, "May the wrong done me be upon you. I gave my maid into your arms, but when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her sight. May the LORD judge between you and me."


Last use in Scripture

The last time shoftim is used in Scripture is in Zechariah 8:16.

Zechariah 8:16

These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates.


Parashah Outline

  • Administration of Justice - Deuteronomy 17:1
  • Portion of the Levi'im - Deuteronomy 18:1
  • Spiritism Forbidden - Deuteronomy 18:9
  • Cities of Refuge - Deuteronomy 19:1
  • Laws of Landmarks and Judicial Testimony - Deuteronomy 19:14
  • Laws Regarding War - Deuteronomy 20:1
  • Expiation of a Crime - Deuteronomy 21:1

Portraits of Messiah


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Torah Portion




or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Rivi'i, 16 Kislev, 5784

Wednesday, November 29, 2023


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