Article Index

שׁפטים - "Judges"

Weekly parashah #48: Shoftim

THE JUDGMENT OF THE SANHEDRIN - Nikolai Ge 1892

 

Deuteronomy 16:18

"You shall appoint for yourself judges, and officers in all your towns which the LORD your G-d is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

<< Previous (Re'eh) Next (Ki Tetze) >>

 

The Hebrew Word

Shoftim (Strong's #8199) is the plural form of the Hebrew word shafat. It isa primitive root which means "to judge". It is used 219 times in 182 verses in the Tanakh.

First use in Scripture

The first time shoftim is used in Scripture is in Genesis 16:5.

Genesis 16:5

And Sarai said to Abram, "May the wrong done me be upon you. I gave my maid into your arms, but when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her sight. May the LORD judge between you and me."

 

Last use in Scripture

The last time shoftim is used in Scripture is in Zechariah 8:16.

Zechariah 8:16

These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates.

 

Parashah Outline

  • Administration of Justice - Deuteronomy 17:1
  • Portion of the Levi'im - Deuteronomy 18:1
  • Spiritism Forbidden - Deuteronomy 18:9
  • Cities of Refuge - Deuteronomy 19:1
  • Laws of Landmarks and Judicial Testimony - Deuteronomy 19:14
  • Laws Regarding War - Deuteronomy 20:1
  • Expiation of a Crime - Deuteronomy 21:1


Portraits of Messiah

 

Verse by Verse Notes

 

 

 

 

Other Observations

 


 

42 of the traditional 613 commandments is found in this parashah:

  • 522- Appoint judges - Deuteronomy 16:18
  • 31- Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard (this is seen as idolatry) - Deuteronomy 16:21
  • 107- Do not erect a pillar in a public place of worship - Deuteronomy 16:22
  • 314- Do not offer a temporarily blemished animal - Deuteronomy 17:1
  • 560- Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin - Deuteronomy 17:11
  • 561- Do not deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin - Deuteronomy 17:11
  • 153- Appoint a king from Israel - Deuteronomy 17:15
  • 154- Do not appoint a foreigner as king - Deuteronomy 17:15
  • 156- The king must not have too many horses - Deuteronomy 17:16
  • 601- Do not dwell permanently in Egypt (seeking refuge or safety from war) - Deuteronomy 17:16
  • 155- The king must not have too many wives - Deuteronomy 17:17
  • 157- The king must not have too much silver and gold - Deuteronomy 17:17
  • 152- The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself - Deuteronomy 17:18
  • 40- The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in - Deuteronomy 18:1
  • 41- The Levi'im must not take a share in the spoils of war - Deuteronomy 18:1
  • 441- To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a kohen - Deuteronomy 18:3
  • 419- To set aside Terumah Ged olah (gift for the kohen) - Deuteronomy 18:4
  • 442- To give the first shearing of sheep to a kohen - Deuteronomy 18:4
  • 47- The work of the kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays - Deuteronomy 18:6-8
  • 117- Do not go into a trance to foresee events, etc. - Deuteronomy 18:10
  • 123- Do not perform acts of magic - Deuteronomy 18:10
  • 119- Do not mutter incantations - Deuteronomy 18:11
  • 120- Do not attempt to contact the dead - Deuteronomy 18:11
  • 121- Do not consult the ov (ghosts) - Deuteronomy 18:11
  • 122- Do not consult the yidoni (magicians/wizards) - Deuteronomy 18:11
  • 67- To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name - Deuteronomy 18:15

 


 

Pending


 

Pending


Pending


Pending


182 verses that include shafat (Strong's #8199)

 

 

View list of verses on BlueLetterBible.com

 

Torah Portion

שׁמיני (Sh'mini)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Sh'lishi, 19 Adar II, 5779

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

 

Learn more about this date in history.