Shavuot- In remembrance of the aliya l'regel (going up by foot) to the Holy Temple, many people walk to the Kotel. Those who cannot go observe the custom by visiting the Kotel until the 12th of Sivan.
c 1476 BCE- The Torah was given to Israel on Mount Sinai.
c 1070 BCE- King David was born.
c 1000 BCE- King David died.
1096- During the first crusade, the Jews of Cologne, Germany chose to be killed rather than convert to Christianity. This was the case, during the first crusades, for many of the Jews who were given the choice between being killed or being baptized. Most of those who converted continued to practice Judaism in secrecy and, one year later, were permitted by Henry IV to openly return to Judaism.