423- "And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, a figure came to me saying: 'The city was conquered.'" Only now had the Prophet Ezekiel heard the news of the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash and of Yerushalayim's conquest by a foreign power, as recorded in the Book of  Ezekiel (33:21).  In Jewish law, a period of mourning (for example, upon the death of a loved one) can begin upon "hearing" the bad news.  Some Talmudic commentators thus recommended that the 5th of Tevet be instituted as a public fast day.


1534- Roman Emperor Charles V ordered the auto-da-fe* of Harav Shlomo Molcho in Mantua, Italy.


December 31, 1791- The Pale of Settlement was instituted by Empress Catherine, limiting Jewish rights in Russia.


*Public announcement of the sentences imposed by the Inquisition, especially by burning at the stake.


Torah Portion




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Today is

Yom Rishon, 20 Kislev, 5784

Sunday, December 03, 2023


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