1165- The Rambam (Maimonides) reached Yerushalayim, six months after his arrival in Eretz Yisroel. He and his family celebrated the date as a private holiday. (Some date it on the 5th or 6th of Cheshvan).
October 17, 1483- Tomas de Torquemada was appointed Inquisitor General of Spain.
1541- Algerian Jews celebrate Purim Edom, "Red Purim" in which the Jewish community in Algiers was saved from the navy of Karl V and the Spanish Admiral Doria who tried to capture the Algerian coast.
1834- Austria's Jews were forbidden to have the first names of Christian saints.
October 25, 1941- Romanian soldiers massacred 26,000 Jews in Odessa.
November 2, 1943- The Nazis liquidated the Riga ghetto.