October 14, 1958- The cornerstone of the Israel's Knesset building was laid in Yerushalayim / Jerusalem. The Knesset is composed of 120 members, the same size as the Great Assembly ("Knesset HaGedola") that served as the rabbinical body during the Second Temple era. (The Great Assembly redacted the biblical books Ezekiel, Daniel and Esther, and composed many prayers such as the Amidah.) Today, the Israeli Knesset is known as a bastion of democracy in the Middle East, with women, Arabs, and other minorities represented.
October 26, 1973- Then General Ariel Sharon trapped the Egyptian third Army on the eastern side of the Suez Canal during the Yom Kippur War.