Novenber 25, 1783 -American forces recaptured New York City from the British. This cleared the way for the return of Jews who had been forced to flee when the British captured New York City in 1776. Jewish leaders were in danger due to their public support of the American Revolution.
November 12, 1939- The chief of police of the Wartha district, Wihelm Koppe, ordered that Poznan (western Poland) become "free of Jews." The Jewish community in Poznan was over 700 years old at that time.
November 12, 1939- The Jews of Lodz, Poland, were ordered by the Nazis to wear yellow armbands on their sleeves.