1264- Anti-Jewish riots erupted in Arnstadt (Germany).
1360- Anti-Jewish riots erupted in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland), many Jews were killed and the rest were expelled.
1733- Commemorating the defeat of the Persian army, the Jews of Baghdad established a Purim.
1748- Empress Maria Theresa revoked the Edict of Expulsion of Bohemian Jews.
1796- The Common Council of New York City revoked the license of a non-Jewish butcher for affixing Jewish seals to non-kosher meat. This is the earliest act of legal intervention in protection of kashrut.
August 16,1948- Israeli currency became legal tender.
August 16, 1948- During the Israeli War of Independence and the siege of Jerusalem, Arabs blew up the Latrun pumping station, cutting off Jerusalem's water supply.
August 2, 1990- Iraq invades Kuwait and prompts Allied coalition against it.