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dreamstime s 17454389 300The book known to Jews and Christians as "The Bible" or "Scripture" contains a number of individual books brought together by the unique characteristic of being written by men under the inspiration of the Spirit of G-d. Although various groups may disagree on which individual books make up the Bible, there are a number of commonalities. On the following pages we present some information about these books and how they comprise the treasure we know as G-d's Word.

This article shows the Christian order of Scripture, the Hebrew order of Scripture, and notes some additional, apocryphal books often associated with Scripture as well.

 

Let's start with the Protestant Christian order of Scripture...


 

Protestant Christians (as distinct from Greek Orthodox or Roman Catholics) recognize the following 66 books in their Bible.  Included below are the English names of each book, the Hebrew name for each book, the transliterated Hebrew name, and the meaning of the Hebrew name of each book.  "Transliterated" means the Hebrew is written in English letters in order to make the same sound.  For example, Bereshit (pronounced bear-uh-SHEET) is the Hebrew name of Genesis and Yochanan (YO-khuh-nahn) is the Hebrew name of John.

 

NrEnglishHebrewTransliteratedMeaningChaptersVerses
Law
1 Genesis בּראשׁית Bereshit "In the beginning" 50 1,533
2 Exodus שׁמוֹת Shemot "Names" 40 1,213
3 Leviticus ויקרא Vayikra "And He called" 27 859
4 Numbers בּמדבּר B'midbar "In the wilderness" 36 1,288
5 Deuteronomy דברים Devarim "Words" 34 959
History
6 Joshua יהוֹשׁוּע Y'hoshua "Salvation" 24 658
7 Judges שׁוֹףּטים Shof'tim "Judges" 21 318
8 Ruth רוּת Rut "Satisfied" 4 85
9 1 Samuel שׁמוּאל א Sh'mu'el Alef "Asked of G-d- One" 31 810
10 2 Samuel שׁמוּאל בּ Sh'mu'el Bet "Asked of G-d- Two" 24 695
11 1 Kings מלכים א M'lakhim Alef "Kings- One" 22 816
12 2 Kings מלכים בּ M'lakhim Bet "Kings- Two" 25 719
13 1 Chronicles דברי הימים א Divrei HaYamim Alef "Matter of the Days- One" 29 942
14 2 Chronicles דברי הימים בּ Divrei HaYamim Bet "Matter of the Days- Two" 36 822
15 Ezra עזרא Ezra "Help" 10 280
16 Nehemiah נחמיה Nechemyah "Consolation" 13 406
17 Esther אסתר Ester "Secret" 10 167
Wisdom Literature
18 Job איוֹב Yov "He that cries" 42 1,070
19 Psalms תהלים Tehillim "Praises" 150 2,461
20 Proverbs משׁלי Mishlei "Proverbs" 31 915
21 Ecclesiates קהלת Kohelet "One who assembles"
(as in an assembly of people)
12 222
22 Song of Songs שׁיר השׁירים Shir HaShirim "Song of Songs" 8 117
Major Prophets
23 Isaiah ישׁעיהוּ Yeshayahu "Salvation of Yah" 66 1,292
24 Jeremiah ירמיהוּ Yirmeyahu "Exaltation of Yah" 52 1,364
25 Lamentations איכה Eikhah "Lamentations" 5 154
26 Ezekiel יחזקאל Yechezhk'el "Strength of G-d" 48 1,273
27 Daniel דאניאל Dani'el "Judgment of G-d" 12 357
Minor Prophets
28 Hosea הוֹשׁע Hoshea "Safety" 14 197
29 Joel יוֹאל Yo'el "The Lord is G-d" 3 73
30 Amos עמוֹס Amos "Burdensome" 9 146
31 Obadiah עבדיה Ovadyah "Servant of Yah" 1 21
32 Jonah יוֹנה Yonah "Dove" 4 48
33 Micah מיכה Mikhah "Who is like Yah" 7 105
34 Nahum נקם Naqum "Consolation" 3 47
35 Habakkuk הבקוּק Havaquq "Embrace" 3 56
36 Zephaniah צפניה Tz'fanyah "Hidden of Yah" 3 53
37 Haggai חגי Hagai "Festal" 2 38
38 Zechariah זכריה Z'kharyah "Memory of Yah" 14 211
39 Malachi מלאכי Mal'akhi "My angel" 4 55
History
40 Matthew   Mattityahu "Reward of Yah" 28 1,071
41 Mark       16 678
42 Luke       24 1,151
43 John   Yochanan "Mercy of G-d" 21 879
44 Acts       28 1,007
Epistles
45 Romans       16 433
46 1 Corinthians       16 437
47 2 Corinthians       13 257
48 Galatians       6 149
49 Ephesians       6 155
50 Philippians       4 104
51 Colossians       4 95
52 1 Thessalonians       5 89
53 2 Thessalonians       3 47
54 1 Timothy       6 113
55 2 Timothy       4 83
56 Titus       3 46
57 Philemon       1 25
58 Hebrews       13 303
59 James   Ya'akov "Catches the heel" 5 108
60 1 Peter   Kefa Alef   5 105
61 2 Peter   Kefa Bet   3 61
62 1 John   Yochanan Alef   5 105
63 2 John   Yochanan Bet   1 13
64 3 John   Yochanan Gimel   1 14
65 Jude   Y'hudah "Yah's Praise" 1 25
Prophecy
66 Revelation       22 404

The Hebrew name for the Jewish Bible is the "Tanakh".

The word Tanakh comes from the acronym T-N-K which is derived from the names of the portions of the Hebrew Bible:
Torah (the Law), Neviim (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings).  The following 24 books contain all of the same books as the Christian "Old Testament" but ordered and organized in a slightly different fashion.

 

NrHebrewTransliteratedMeaningEnglish
Torah (Law)
1 בּראשׁית Bereshit "In the Beginning" Genesis
2 שׁמוֹת Shemot "Names" Exodus
3 ויקרא Vayikra "And He Called" Leviticus
4 בּמדבּר B'midbar "In the Wilderness" Numbers
5 דברים Devarim "Words" Deuteronomy
Early Neviim (Prophets)
6 יהוֹשׁוּע Y'hoshua "G-d is Salvation" Joshua
7 שׁוֹףּטים Shof'tim "Judges" Judges
8 שׁמוּאל Sh'mu'el "Asked of G-d" Samuel
9 מלכים M'lakhim "Kings" 1 & 2 Kings
10 ישׁעיהוּ Yeshayahu "Salvation of Yah" Isaiah
11 ירמיהוּ Yirmeyahu "Exaltation of Yah" Jeremiah
12 יחזקאל Yechezhk'el "Strength of G-d" Ezekiel
Latter Neviim (Prophets)
13 תרי עשׁר
הוֹשׁע
יוֹאל
עמוֹס
עבדיה
יוֹנה
מיכה
נקם
הבקוּק
צפניה
חגי
זכריה
מלאכי
-----
Hoshea,
Yo'el,
Amos,
Ovadyah,
Yonah,
Mikhah,
Naqum,
Havaquq,
Tz'fanyah,
Hagai,
Z'kharyah,
Mal'akhi
-----
"Safety",
"The Lord is G-d",
"Burdensome",
"Servant of Yah",
"Dove",
"Who is like Yah",
"Consolation",
"Embrace",
"Hidden of Yah",
"Festal",
"Memory of Yah",
"My angel"
Twelve Prophets-
Hosea,
Joel,
Amos,
Obadiah,
Jonah,
Micah,
Nahum,
Habbakuk,
Zephaniah,
Haggai,
Zechariah,
Malachi
Ketuvim (Writings)
14 תהלים Tehillim "Praises" Psalms
15 משׁלי Mishlei "Proverbs" Proverbs
16 איוֹב Yov "He that cries" Job
17 שׁיר השׁירים Shir HaShirim "Song of Songs" Song of Songs
18 רוּת Rut "Satisfied" Ruth
19 איכה Eikhah "Lamentations" Lamentations
20 קהלת Kohelet "One who assembles" Ecclesiates
21 אסתר Ester "Secret" Esther
22 דאניאל Dani'el "Judgment of G-d" Daniel
23 עזרא/ נחמיה Ezra- Nechemiah "Help"- "Consolation" Ezra- Nehemiah
24 דברי הימים Divrei HaYamim "Matter of the Days" 1 & 2 Chronicles
 

 


The books listed below are what known as the "apocrypha". What does apocrypha mean?

The American Heritage Dictionary 1 defines the word "apocrypha" as such:

1. Abbr. Apoc. Bible. The 14 books of the Septuagint included in the Vulgate but considered uncanonical by Protestants because they are not part of the Hebrew Scriptures. The Roman Catholic canon accepts 11 of these books and includes them in the Douay Bible.

2. Abbr. Apoc. Various early Christian writings proposed as additions to the New Testament but rejected by the major canons.

3. apocrypha. Writings or statements of questionable authorship or authenticity.

Middle English apocripha, not authentic, from Late Latin Apocrypha, the Apocrypha, from Greek Apokrupha, neuter pl. of apokruphos, secret, hidden, from apokruptein, to hide away : apo-, apo- + kruptein, kruph-, to hide

 

The King James Version of the Bible includes the following apocryphal books:

  • 1 Esdras (Vulgate 3 Esdras)
  • 2 Esdras (Vulgate 4 Esdras)
  • Tobit
  • Judith
  • Rest of Esther (Vulgate Esther 10:4-16:24)
  • Wisdom
  • Ecclesiasticus (also known as Sirach)
  • Baruch and the Epistle of Jeremy (all part of Vulgate Baruch)
  • Song of the Three Children (Vulgate Daniel 3:24-90)
  • Story of Susanna (Vulgate Daniel 13)
  • The Idol Bel and the Dragon (Vulgate Daniel 14)
  • Prayer of Manasses
  • 1 Maccabees
  • 2 Maccabees

 

The Roman Catholic Church recognizes the following books:

  • Tobit
  • Judith
  • 1 Maccabees
  • 2 Maccabees
  • Wisdom of Solomon
  • Ecclesiasticus
  • Baruch
  • Greek Additions to Esther
  • Greek Additions to Daniel

 

In addition to those, the Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches recognize the following:

  • 3 Maccabees
  • 1 Esdras i.e. Greek Ezra paraphrase
  • Prayer of Manasseh
  • Psalm 151 as part of the Psalter

 

Some other Eastern Orthodox Churches include a few others, typically:

  • 2 Esdras i.e. Latin Esdras in the Russian and Georgian Bibles
  • Odes

 

The Syriac Orthodox Church also includes:

  • The Apocalypse of Baruch (2 Baruch)
  • The Letter of Baruch

 

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church also has some others such as:

  • Jubilees
  • Enoch

 

Footnotes

1. Excerpted from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition © 1996 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Electronic version licensed from INSO Corporation; further reproduction and distribution in accordance with the Copyright Law of the United States. All rights reserved. [back]

Endnotes

1. Hebrew book names courtesy of Artscroll Tanakh, © Copyright 1996 MESORAH PUBLICATIONS, Ltd.

Name transliterations courtesy of The Complete Jewish Bible, Copyright © 1998 by David H. Stern.

Name interpretations courtesy of "Hitchcock's New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible".

Torah Portion

unknown

 

 

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Yom Chamishi, 5 Sivan, 5780 - Erev Shavuot

Thursday, May 28, 2020

 

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