Article Index

Names of the Book

RUTH GLEANING- James Tissot

English:  Ruth
Hebrew:  רוּת
Transliterated:  Rut
Other names:   

 

whoWho

Wrote the book:  unknown (possibly Samuel)
Are the key people:  Ruth, Naomi, Boaz
Is it written to:  The people of Israel

 

whatWhat

Ruth's faithfulness to Naomi (Ruth 1:1-2)
Ruth's humility before Boaz (Ruth 2:1-23)
Ruth's obedience to Naomi (Ruth 3:1-18)
Ruth's redemption by Boaz (Ruth 4:1-22)

 

whenWhen

Was it written:  c 1375-1050 BCE
Did the events occur:  c 1310-1210 BCE
Was it canonized:  c 499-100 BCE
(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)

 

whereWhere

Was it written:  unknown place in Israel
Did the events occur:  Moab, Israel, Bethlehem

 

whyWhy

Ruth was written to inform us that: 
G-d desires faithfulness
G-d desires kindness
G-d desires integrity
G-d provides protection
G-d provides prosperity and blessing

 

whyIntroduction

The book of Ruth is a historical narrative about a young woman from the nation of Moab who marries an Israelite and is widowed at a young age.  Ruth, out of love for her Israelite mother-in-law, abandons her own culture and declares, "Your people shall be my people, and your G-d my G-d" (Ruth 1:16).  Though she was impoverished and had to rely upon the benevolence of others, Ruth's character and demeanor brings her to the attention of Boaz, a close relative of her deceased husband.  Boaz fulfills the role of kinsman-redeemer, takes Ruth as his wife, and she gives birth to Obed, the grandfather of King David. This book serves as a beautiful illustration of G-d's providential care of Israel and of His willingness to bring Gentiles out of their nations and into His own.

 

 


 

Chapter Description
1 Four Israelites, Elimelech, Naomi, and their sons, move to Moab to escape a famine in the land of Israel.
Their sons marry Moabite women: Orpah and Ruth.
Elimelech and the sons die.
Naomi returns to the land of Israel and Ruth chooses to go with her.
Orpah stays with her family in Moab.
2 Ruth gleans barley from Boaz's field until the end of the harvest.
Boaz is Naomi's kinsman and he shows kindness to Ruth.
3 Ruth visits Boaz during the night and lies at his feet until morning.
Boaz accepts Ruth and gives her extra barley.
Ruth returns home.
4 The kinsman closer than Boaz does not redeem Naomi's land.
Boaz redeems the land and takes Ruth as his wife.
Ruth gives birth to Obed the grandfather of King David.

 

Torah Portion

unknown.

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Sh'lishi, 16 Tishrei, 5780 - Chol Hamoed Sukkot

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

 

Learn more about this date in history.