Names of the Book
|Wrote the book:||unknown (possibly Samuel)|
|Are the key people:||Ruth, Naomi, Boaz|
|Is it written to:||The people of Israel|
|Ruth's faithfulness to Naomi (Ruth 1:1-2)|
|Ruth's humility before Boaz (Ruth 2:1-23)|
|Ruth's obedience to Naomi (Ruth 3:1-18)|
|Ruth's redemption by Boaz (Ruth 4:1-22)|
|Was it written:||c 1375-1050 BCE|
|Did the events occur:||c 1310-1210 BCE|
|Was it canonized:||c 499-100 BCE|
|(see the Timeline of the Tanakh)|
|Was it written:||unknown place in Israel|
|Did the events occur:||Moab, Israel, Bethlehem|
|Ruth was written to inform us that:|
|G-d desires faithfulness|
|G-d desires kindness|
|G-d desires integrity|
|G-d provides protection|
|G-d provides prosperity and blessing|
The book of Ruth is a historical narrative about a young woman from the nation of Moab who marries an Israelite and is widowed at a young age. Ruth, out of love for her Israelite mother-in-law, abandons her own culture and declares, "Your people shall be my people, and your G-d my G-d" (Ruth 1:16). Though she was impoverished and had to rely upon the benevolence of others, Ruth's character and demeanor brings her to the attention of Boaz, a close relative of her deceased husband. Boaz fulfills the role of kinsman-redeemer, takes Ruth as his wife, and she gives birth to Obed, the grandfather of King David. This book serves as a beautiful illustration of G-d's providential care of Israel and of His willingness to bring Gentiles out of their nations and into His own.
Scripture- Book Selection
|1||Four Israelites, Elimelech, Naomi, and their sons, move to Moab to escape a famine in the land of Israel.
Their sons marry Moabite women: Orpah and Ruth.
Elimelech and the sons die.
Naomi returns to the land of Israel and Ruth chooses to go with her.
Orpah stays with her family in Moab.
|2||Ruth gleans barley from Boaz's field until the end of the harvest.
Boaz is Naomi's kinsman and he shows kindness to Ruth.
|3||Ruth visits Boaz during the night and lies at his feet until morning.
Boaz accepts Ruth and gives her extra barley.
Ruth returns home.
|4||The kinsman closer than Boaz does not redeem Naomi's land.
Boaz redeems the land and takes Ruth as his wife.
Ruth gives birth to Obed the grandfather of King David.