Talmud- A Hebrew noun which means "teaching". It is formed from the verb "limmed" which means "to teach." The Talmud contains the written compendium of Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs, history, and case-law. There are two works with this name: the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud. These names reflect where the (initially orally transmitted) information was recorded. The Talmud contains two primary divisions: the Mishnah and the Gemara. Pronounced tal MOOD or TAHL mud.