Glossary

GLOSSARY © Taylor Hinton | iStockPhoto

glos·sa·ry: a collection of brief explanations (as in the margin or between the lines of a text) of difficult or obscure words or expressions.

 

Psalm11918.org has provided this glossary of Hebrew and Greek words to aid our readers in the understanding of specialized words used in our articles.

 

 

Term Main definition
Maimonides

משה בן מימון

Maimonides- [Moshe ben Maimon in the Hebrew above] A mid-12th to early-13th century Jewish scholar also known as the Rambam.  Pronounced mai MAHN uh deez.  He was the preeminent medieval scholar of Judaism during his life and his teachings have been revered and followed for the past 700 years.

  

mashiach

משיח

mashiach- A Hebrew noun meaning "anointed one".  "Messiah" is the Anglicized version of this word. It is the Hebrew equivalent of the Greek word kristos and the English word Christ.  HaMashiach means "THE Anointed One"... Yeshua.  Strongs #4899.  Pronounced mah SHEE akh.  Sometimes transliterated moshiach.

 

Matityahu

מתתיהו

Matityahu- The literal Hebrew name of Matthew. This Hebrew name means "gift of Yah". The Greek transliteration is Matthaios or Maththaios.  Pronounced mah teet YAH hoo.

 

middos

מדות‎

middos- A plural Hebrew word meaning "measures" often used in reference to the "attributes" or character traits of G-d or men.  The 13 Middos are attributed to Rabbi Yisrael Lipkin also known as Reb Yisrael Salanter (1810-1883). The 13 Middos are: truth, fastidiousness, diligence, honor, peace of mind, gentleness, cleanliness, patience, order, humility, righeousness, thrift, and silence.  Also transliterated as middot.  Pronounced mee DOHSSingular madad.

 

midrash

מדרש‎

midrash- A Hebrew word meaning "searched out".  When "midrashing" or "searching out" a matter in Scripture two or more individuals are "drashing" (searching out) the matter.  "The Midrash" refers to Rabbinic literature dealing with matters that have been "searched out" and recorded. From Strongs #1875.  Pronounced MEE drah sh.  Plural "midrashim".

 

Miryam

מרים

Miryam- The literal Hebrew name of Mary. This Hebrew name means "their rebellion".  Pronounced MEER yahm. Strong's #4813.

Also the name of Moses' sister: Miriam.

 

Mishnah

משנה

Mishnah- a Hebrew word meaning "repetition".  The Mishnah is one of two major divisions of the Jewish Talmud.  The Mishnah contains the first written redaction of Jewish case-law and commentary about the Law of Moses.  This "Oral Law" provided the rulings of Jewish judges and rabbis regarding the "Written Law" given by Moses at Mt. Sinai.  Pronounced MEESH nah.

 

mishpat

משפט

mishpat- A Hebrew word meaning "judgment" or "ruling".  These are one of three types of "commandments" given in Scripture: mitzvah, mishpat, and choq.  When G-d declares something clean or unclean (certain animals for example) that is G-d''s mishpat, His "judgment" or ruling on the subject .  G-d has judged that thing to be clean or unclean.  Strongs #4941.  Pronounced MEESH pot.  Plural "mishpatim".

 

mitzvah

מצוה‎‎

mitzvah- A Hebrew word meaning "command" or "good deed".  These are one of three types of "commandments" given in Scripture: mitzvah, mishpat, and choq.  When G-d delivers an order that has an apparent rational basis it is considered a mitzvah.  Strongs #4687.  Pronounced MITZ vah.  Plural "mitzvot".

 

mitzvot

מצווה‎‎

mitzvot- A Hebrew word meaning "commands" or "good deeds".  These are one of three types of "commandments" given in Scripture: mitzvot, mishpatim, and chuqqim.  When G-d delivers orders that have an apparent rational basis they are considered mitzvot.  Strongs #4687.  Pronounced mitz VOHT.  Singular "mitzvah".

 

moed

מועד

moed- A Hebrew word meaning "appointment" or "appointed time".  Leviticus 23 contains significant references to G-d''s appointed times.  This word is sometimes translated as "holiday" or "festival" but is better understood as a Divinely commanded appointment.  Strongs #4150.  Pronounced MO ed.  Plural "moedim".

 

moedim

מוּאדם

moedim- A plural Hebrew word meaning "appointments" or "appointed times".  Leviticus 23 contains significant references to G-d's appointed times.  This word is sometimes translated as "holidays" or "festivals" but is better understood as Divinely commanded appointments.  Strongs #4150.  Pronounced MO eh DEEM.  Plural "moedim".

 

Moshe

משה‎

Moshe- The literal Hebrew name of Moses. The name comes from a word which means "to draw" since Moshe was "drawn out" of the Nile. (Exodus 2:10)  Strongs #4872.  Pronounced MOH shay.

 

Torah Portion

כּי תבוא (Ki Tavo)

 

 

or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Shabbat, 21 Elul, 5779

Saturday, September 21, 2019

 

Learn more about this date in history.