As we have read through Scripture, the team has encountered certain things enumerated in a list or repeated multiple times throughout Scripture. We thought it might be a blessing for others to record these lists and repetitions so they might become aware of them. Praise be to G-d for the wonder of His Word!

Bolded text or other emphases in the Scriptural references are the author's.

The first list we found was G-d's four "I Will" statements from the book of Exodus. 


G-d's Four “I Will”'s In Exodus

In Exodus chapter 6 G-d tells Moshe to send a message to the son's of Isra'el. In this message G-d delivers 4 specific points:

  1. I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians (Exodus 6:6)
  2. I will deliver you from their bondage (Exodus 6:6)
  3. I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments (Exodus 6:6)
  4. I will take you for My people and I will be your G-d (Exodus 6:7)


These 4 “I will”'s that G-d declares are remembered symbolically during Pesach with 4 cups of wine throughout the traditional seder.
The four cups are:

  1. The cup of sanctification (I will bring you out)
  2. The cup of deliverance (I will deliver you)
  3. The cup of redemption (I will redeem you)
  4. The cup of restoration (I will take you for My people and I will be your G-d)


Some teach that, at the Last Seder (the Last Supper), Yeshua partook of the first two cups in the traditional way but the third cup (the cup of redemption) He lifted and said "this is my blood" (Matthew 26:27-39). He then told His talmidim that He would not drink the fourth cup (restoration) until the coming of the Kingdom (Matthew 26:29) and "all Isra'el shall be saved" (Romans 11:26). 1


What G-d loves

G-d loves...

  • Isra'el... and would not listen to Balaam (Deuteronomy 23:5)
  • Isra'el... forever (1 Kings 10:9)
  • Isra'el... and made Shlomo (Solomon) king over the nation (2 Chronicles 2:11)
  • Righteousness... and the upright will behold His face (Psalm 11:7)
  • Righteousness and justice... the world is filled with His chesed (Psalm 33:5)
  • Shlomo... (Nehemiah 13:26)
  • Justice... and does not forsake His godly ones (Psalm 37:28)
  • Righteousness (Psalm 45:7)
  • the Gates of Zion... more than all the other dwelling places of Ya'akov (Psalm 87:2)
  • the tzaddik [righteous] (Psalm 146:8)
  • those whom He reproves (Proverbs 3:12)
  • those who pursue righteousness (Proverbs 15:9)
  • those who declare His Word (Isaiah 48:14)
  • the sons of Isra'el (Hosea 3:1)
  • Ya'kov (Malachi 1:2)
  • His Sanctuary (Malachi 2:11)
  • his Son (Matthew 3:17, 17:5, Mark 1:11, Luke 3:22, 2 Peter 1:17)
  • the world... and gave His only begotten Son (John 3:16, 1 John 4:10)
  • the saints in Rome (Romans 1:7)
  • a cheerful giver (2 Corinthians 9:7)


What G-d hates

G-d hates...

  • abominable acts (Deuteronomy 12:31)
  • idolatrous pillars (Deuteronomy 16:22)
  • Esav [Esau] (Malachi 1:3)
  • divorce (Malachi 2:16)
  • wickedness (Psalm 45:7)
  • the generation of unbelievers who wandered in the desert for forty years [Scripture says he "loathed" them] (Psalm 95:1-95:11)


From Proverbs 6 (Hebrew words in brackets):

Proverbs 6:16-23

There are six things which the LORD hates, Yes, seven which are an abomination to Him:

- haughty eyes
- a lying tongue
- and hands that shed innocent blood
- a heart that devises wicked plans
- feet that run rapidly to evil
- a false witness who utters lies
- and one who spreads strife among brothers

My son, observe the commandment [mitzvah] of your father And do not forsake the teaching [Torah] of your mother; Bind them continually on your heart; Tie them around your neck. When you walk about, they will guide you; When you sleep, they will watch over you; And when you awake, they will talk to you. For the commandment [mitzvah] is a lamp and the teaching [Torah] is light; And reproofs for discipline are the way of life


What are abominations?

Scripture identifies the following as toehbot (abominations). Items that were of particular interest are bolded:

  • homosexual acts (Leviticus 18:22, 20:13)
  • sexual immorality as described in Leviticus 18 (Leviticus 18:26)
    [note that these are called abominations 4 times in quick succession: Leviticus 18:26, 27, 29, 30). It seems that sexual immorality is very repulsive in the eyes of G-d.]
  • idolatry (Deuteronomy 7:25 & 26, 27:15, 32:16)
  • attempting to serve G-d in the manner that the nations of the lands serve their gods (Deuteronomy 12:31, 18:9, 20:18)
  • following after other gods (Deuteronomy 13:14, 17:4)
  • animals that G-d has defined as unfit as food (Deuteronomy 14:3)
    Unfit animals are generally those which do not meet these criteria:
    • animals that have split hooves and chew the cud
    • non-carrion eating birds
    • fish with both fins and scales
    • animals that died naturally
      (see Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 for the specifics)
  • sacrificing a blemished or defective animal to G-d (Deuteronomy 17:1)
  • a person attempting to serve G-d in the manner that the nations serve their gods (Deuteronomy 18:12)
    [the first time a person is called an abomination]
  • a woman wearing man's clothing or a man wearing woman's clothing (Deuteronomy 22:5)
  • offering the "hire of a harlot" [money earned through heterosexual prostitution] or "wages of a dog" [money earned through homosexual prostitution] (Deuteronomy 23:18)
  • the remarriage of a divorced woman to her original husband after she has remarried and divorced (or been widowed from) another man (Deuteronomy 24:4)

    [e.g. Jane marries Bob. Jane and Bob get divorced. Jane marries Tom. Jane and Tom are divorced (or Tom dies). Jane remarrying Bob would be an abomination.]
  • everyone who acts unjustly [those who act unjustly with dishonest measures and weights] (Deuteronomy 25:16)
    [the second time a person is called an abomination]
  • the devious (Proverbs 3:32)
  • various in Proverbs 6:16-23 (see above)
  • wickedness on the lips of wisdom (Proverbs 8:7)
  • a false balance (Proverbs 11:1)
  • the perverse [crooked or distorted] in heart (Proverbs 11:20)
  • lying lips (Proverbs 12:22)
  • the thought to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools (Proverbs 13:19)
  • the sacrifice of the wicked (Proverbs 15:8, 21:27)
  • the way of the wicked is an abomination to G-d (Proverbs 15:9)
  • evil plans are an abomination to G-d (Proverbs 15:26)
  • everyone who is proud in heart is an abomination to G-d (Proverbs 16:5)
  • he who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous (Proverbs 17:15)
  • the prayers of him who turns away from listening to the Torah (Proverbs 28:9)
  • an unjust man is abominable to the tzadik and the tzadik to the wicked (Proverbs 29:27)


The 6 Remembrances

G-d gives us commands to tetzakar [remember] the following 6 items.

  1. Remember the Exodus from Egypt:

    Deuteronomy 16:3

    "You shall not eat leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat with it unleavened bread, the bread of affliction (for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste), so that you may remember all the days of your life the day when you came out of the land of Egypt.


  2. Remember the receiving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai:

    Deuteronomy 4:9-10

    "Only give heed to yourself and keep your soul diligently, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen and they do not depart from your heart all the days of your life; but make them known to your sons and your grandsons. Remember the day you stood before the LORD your God at Horeb, when the LORD said to me, 'Assemble the people to Me, that I may let them hear My words so they may learn to fear Me all the days they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children.'

    Note: this passage does not include the word tetzakar but instead uses the phrase "do not forget".


  3. Remember the attack of Amalek:

    Deuteronomy 25:17-19

    "Remember what Amalek did to you along the way when you came out from Egypt, how he met you along the way and attacked among you all the stragglers at your rear when you were faint and weary; and he did not fear God. "Therefore it shall come about when the LORD your God has given you rest from all your surrounding enemies, in the land which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you must not forget.


  4. Remember how we angered G-d with the sin of the golden calf:

    Deuteronomy 9:7

    "Remember, do not forget how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness; from the day that you left the land of Egypt until you arrived at this place, you have been rebellious against the LORD.


  5. Remember how G-d struck Miryam with tzara'at [leprosy] when she spoke lashon hara [gossip/slander] against Moshe:

    Deuteronomy 24:9

    "Remember what the LORD your God did to Miriam on the way as you came out of Egypt.


  6. Remember the Sabbath day:

    Exodus 20:8

    "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.


Odds and Ends

Exodus 15:18 tells us that "The Lord shall reign forever and ever". This message is repeated in:

  • Psalm 146:10
  • Micah 4:7
  • Luke 1:33
  • Revelation 11:15
  • Revelation 22:5



1. Kadesh- Hebrew4Christians, 03/14/2009 at [back]

Torah Portion




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