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מצרע- "Leper"

Weekly parashah #28: Metzora

  • Torah: Vayikra (Leviticus) 14:1-15:33
  • Haftarah: M'lakhim Bet (2 Kings) 7:3-20
  • Greek Scriptures: Luke 12-13

(In regular years read with previous parashah. In leap years read by itself.)

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Leviticus 14:1-2

Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, "This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. Now he shall be brought to the priest,

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The Hebrew Words

Metzora comes from the Hebrew word tzarah. Tzarah is a primitive root which means "to scourge", that is to be stricken with tzara'at (not "leprosy" i.e. Hansen's disease). Tzarah (Strong's #6879) is used 21 times in 18 verses in the Tanakh.

Tzarah is the root of two other Hebrew words, tzirah (a wasp) (Strong's #6880), and tzara'at (leprosy) (Strong's #6883).

First use in Scripture

The first time tzarah is used in Scripture is in Exodus 4:6.

Exodus 4:6

The LORD furthermore said to him, "Now put your hand into your bosom." So he put his hand into his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous like snow.


Last use in Scripture

The last time tzarah is used in Scripture is in 2 Chronicles 26:23.

2 Chronicles 26:23

So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of the grave which belonged to the kings, for they said, "He is a leper [metzorah]." And Jotham his son became king in his place.


Parashah Outline

  • Law of Cleansing a Leper [Metzorah] - Leviticus 14:1
  • Cleansing a Leprous House - Leviticus 14:33
  • Cleansing Unhealthiness - Leviticus 15:1


Portraits of Messiah


Verse by Verse Notes


Other Observations



10 of the traditional 613 commandments are found in this parashah:

  • 474- Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora- Levitcus 14:2
  • 475- The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification- Levitcus 14:9
  • 397- A metzora must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the mikveh- Levitcus 14:10
  • 481- Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen)- Levitcus 15:3
  • 396- A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the mikveh- Levitcus 15:13-14
  • 484- Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen)- Levitcus 15:16
  • 486- Every impure person must immerse himself in a mikveh to become pure- Levitcus 15:16
  • 478- Observe the laws of menstrual impurity- Levitcus 15:19
  • 480- Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue- Levitcus 15:25
  • 394- A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the mikveh- Levitcus 15:28-29







18 verses that include tzara ({strongsH}Strong's #6879{strongsH})



Exodus 4:6

Leviticus 13:44
Leviticus 13:45
Leviticus 14:2
Leviticus 14:3
Leviticus 22:4

Numbers 5:2
Numbers 12:10

2 Samuel 3:29

2 Kings 5:1
2 Kings 5:11
2 Kings 5:27
2 Kings 7:3
2 Kings 7:8
2 Kings 15:5

2 Chronicles 26:20
2 Chronicles 26:21
2 Chronicles 26:23


Torah Portion

בֹּא (Bo)



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Today is

Yom Sheni, 5 Shevat, 5781

Monday, January 18, 2021


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